The most talked-about event took place last week in the Caribbean country of Haiti at a time when the whole world is busy with vaccine politics in the wake of Covid-19. A group of unidentified terrorists assassinated the country’s President Jovenal Moyes at his private residence. The killings took place around 1pm local time on Wednesday. His wife, Martin Moyes, was also present. The president was killed on the spot but Martin Moyes was taken to hospital with gunshot wounds. Six hours after the incident, former Prime Minister Claude Joseph declared himself the caretaker Prime Minister. At that time, he declared a state of emergency in the whole country, including the capital Port-au-Prince. He also announced a police operation to find those involved in the killings.
Haiti’s security forces have not yet been able to identify any group or country directly involved in the killing of Jovenal Moyes. But on Thursday, the day after the incident, the country’s police chief, Leon Charles, claimed that 26 people may have been involved in the assassination of the president. Among those involved were 28 Colombians and two Haitians, according to AFP. Police Chief Leon Charles has demanded the arrest of 17 suspects. He also said that 3 more people were killed in the police firing. The remaining 6 are still at large.
His political career has been repeatedly discussed in the international media since the assassination of President Jovenal Moyes. Also discussed is the role of the country’s opposition while he was in power. Because President Moyes claimed on February 8 this year that his government was being overthrown as well as assassinated. He then pointed fingers at opposition leaders as suspects. Opponents, however, flatly rejected his claim. However, the political and economic situation in Haiti was not very good when he was in power. On the contrary, in the last few days, serious allegations against his administration such as political crisis, corruption, and postponement of elections have been repeatedly published in the international media.
Opponents of Moyes in Haiti have sought to oust him from power, but no logical evidence has been found to date. His remarks were seen as merely political in the international arena when he claimed to have received threats last February. But in the end, President Jovenal Moyes died. By killing him, the terrorists have made the overall situation of the country more critical. However, not all allegations of mismanagement, irregularities, mismanagement and corruption against Moyes are false. And so it is time to discuss the political rise of Moyes, the successes and failures of winning elections or being in power. At the same time, there is a need to discuss the demands of its administrative failure to curb crime, control law and order, ensure security, and improve the quality of life.
The Banana Man
It is true that the activities of the administration of President Jovenal Moyes have not been less controversial in recent years. At the root of all the controversy was the reason for the delay in the election. Opposition groups called for a boycott of the assembly. As per the rules, his term as president expired on February 8. But he did not resign, sparking widespread protests and violence across Haiti in February. He decided to run the country by decree when the opposition questioned the legitimacy of his power. Opposition groups called for a boycott of the constitution, saying “he is trying to run the country for another term.”
In 2015, then-President Michel Martelli canceled the results of Haiti’s national elections. However, he resigned on February 8, 2016. Elections canceled in 2015 were held again in November 2017. In that election, Jovenal Moyes was elected with 55.6 percent of the vote. However, 16.1 percent of the country’s population participated in that election. Although elected in November, Jovenal Moyes officially came to power on February 8 of the following year. Meanwhile, in the face of violence in February this year, President Moyes said he wanted to stay in power for another year since he took office a year later.
But even before the election held in 2015, this Jovenal Moyes was not very well known. He was a successful businessman and investor in the north of the country. When the people of the country were living in unequal politics and abject poverty, he resolved to address this stalemate to the citizens of Haiti. A look at his past service work reveals commendable initiatives such as safe water distribution, development in the energy sector, and increase in agricultural production. He also promised massive development in these sectors during the election campaign. And for such charitable work, he became known to the public as ‘The Banana Man’. However, the notoriety of Jovenal Moyes as president is more noticeable than that of businessman Moyes.
One day after Moyes’s assassination, Amnesty International called for an investigation into the killings. Erica Guevara Rojas, the agency’s American director, said:
Although President Jovenal Moyes came to power on February 8, 2016, he lost a majority in parliament in early 2020. According to the rules, elections were to be held in the country in 2020. In such a situation