In 2011, archaeologists unexpectedly found a toilet in the Roman Empire. The name of an ancient village is Tasjetium, which is now located in Switzerland. The village, then ruled by the Celtic Empire, was originally a gift from Julius Caesar. At that time the areas along the Rhine River were very important for trade. This waterway was essential for the residents of the region for the convenience of transporting goods and travel. The village of Tasjetium was in the basin of this river.
Several of the ruins of the Roman Empire were lost at the bottom of the Rhine. Much of the invaluable evidence that was supposed to disappear over time centuries ago remains intact due to the lack of oxygen in the muddy environment.
In addition to the most common fruits, such as plums, cherries, and peaches, archaeologists have unearthed the seeds of 19 large-sized strange fruits that stunned them. At least 2,000 years ago, the condition of these 19 seeds was so intact that it looked as if someone had left them there yesterday. Botanists can say that the seeds of these 19 giant fruits have been eaten by whey.
When the name is different
This fruit is now called Medlar. However, at a time when this fruit was very popular, it was called ‘Open-Ars’. The name is due to the similarity of the lower part of the fruit with the human body. There are probably very few fans like the French in this regard. They called it multiple names. Four-legged floor, donkey floor, monkey floor, or dog floor, etc. While this strange philosophy and strangely named fruit was disturbing, the inhabitants of medieval Europe were in one word mad at it.
By far the most reliable evidence of Medlar’s existence is seventh century BC Greek poetry. The idea is that somehow this fruit reached the hands of the Romans and from there Medlar’s journey began. Thanks to the Romans, the fruit became widely known in southern France and Britain.
In the early Middle Ages, Charles the Great included for the first time Medler’s name in the list of plants that would be compulsory in all gardens. About 200 years later, the name of the English writer and Abbott (head of the monks), Elfrick of Ainsham Medler, was recorded for public use. It is pertinent to note that at that time no one used to call the fruit Medlar, meaning that he used the delicate pseudonym of Medlar at that time.
It is found in a number of literatures, including the medieval painting-rich scripture Annie of the British Book of Hours and Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet.
The popularity of the fruit peaked around 1800. The cultivation of mulberries, queens, pears, apples, etc., as well as ten other fruits, began in Britain on a large scale. Medlar’s popularity plummeted since the 1950s. By the year 2000, this once-popular fruit was slowly disappearing.
The fruit, which was once the top choice of the people, is now cultivated as a hobby. Various curious people or authorities cultivate this fruit by indulging in a kind of romanticism towards the past. It can be seen especially in museums or ancient palaces.
The process of eating this fruit
Medlar fruit is special for two reasons. First, it is cultivated only in winter. It was one of the sources of sugar in the winter of the Middle Ages. Medlar could not be eaten as soon as it was ripe because the drinker would get sick immediately if he played in that condition. It would be fit to eat only after it was completely decomposed. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during diarrhea.
On the other hand, if left in the open for a few weeks, it would turn black and look like a baked apple. Then there was no chance of getting sick playing it. This process is called bleaching which is another reason for its specialty.
Due to bleaching, the complex sugars in the medulla are broken down into simpler sugars such as glucose and fructose. The greater the decomposition, the greater the amount of malic acid in the medulla. Due to the high levels of malic acid, it tastes a bit sour like apples. On the other hand, the levels of tannins and antioxidants are significantly reduced. All in all a subtle sour taste comes with too much sweetness. It can be compared to excessively ripe dates mixed with a little lemon juice is a lot like eating.
Possible cause of loss
There is controversy as to what exactly caused Medler to become almost extinct. The most reliable explanation is that they could not survive by competing with other fruits. It was really difficult for Medler to make a permanent place in people’s minds by competing with fruits like bananas or pineapples that can be grown almost all year round. As time went on people learned to understand that there are some fruits which are Baromasi fruits. As a result of mass production, prices fell and Medlar remained a winter aristocracy. So getting lost was inevitable.
The second has another explanation. People had the option of a medler until then. No one was too willing to go out and cultivate it in the severe winter to give it a mouthful. Normally people are more active or lively in summer and from that point of view, standing for hours in the middle of winter was not a good fit at all.
Medlar but is still cultivated in Iran, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, and Turkey. In some parts of Iran, the leaves, bark, wood, and fruit of the medlar tree are used to treat stomach problems and irregular menstruation in women. There is evidence of such use in medieval Europe as well.